Many people whose name does not appear in this text were instrumental to the success of the access to medicines movement in South Africa, and keep the struggle alive today. While we attempted to cast a wide-net, we were only able to conduct a limited number of interviews. We thank all the interviewees for generously sharing their time with us. In addition to personal reflections, we drew from the rich history of the Treatment Action Campaign and the AIDS Law Project documented over the years. We owe a particular debt to the works listed below. We also acknowledge the gracious financial assistance provided by the Accessibsa project and the Shuttleworth Foundation to help develop this history. Above all, we are grateful to the hundreds of access to medicines activists who devoted countless hours to march, mobilize and make history.


  • Nathan Geffen, Debunking Delusions: The Inside Story of the Treatment Action Campaign, Jacana (2010).
  • Didi Moyle, Speaking Truth to Power: The Story of the AIDS Law Project, Jacana (2015).
  • Mark Heywood, Get Up! Stand Up! Personal Journeys Towards Social Justice, Tafelberg (2017).


  • Amy Kapczynski & Jonathan Berger, The Story of the TAC Case: The Potential and Limits of Socio-Economic Rights Litigation in South Africa in HUMAN RIGHTS ADVOCACY STORIES (2009).
  • Mark Heywood, “Debunking “Conglomo-Talk”: A Case Study of the Amicus Curiae as an Instrument for Advocacy, Investigation and Mobilisation, 5 LAW, DEMOCRACY & DEVELOPMENT (2001).
  • William Fisher & Cyrill Rigamonti, The South Africa AIDS Controversy: A Case Study in Patent Law and Policy, THE LAW AND BUSINESS OF PATENTS (2005), available at